This little book sums up to the meaning of the relationship of Edom and Israel i.e. (Esau and Jacob) in the history of salvation and in so doing, reveals an aspect of the day of the Lord and the Kingdom of God. Edom the nation sprung from Esau always proved antagonistic to Israel, despite their brotherhood as sons of Israel.
Many prophets were entrusted with messages of condemnation directed against Edom e.g Amos, Isaiah, Jeremiah, Ezekiel and Malachi, which often drew attention to Edom’s self-surfficieny and pride as the root of his sin. In Obadiah, the prophet seems to take up an existing prophecy of doom against Edom- see verse 1:4 and phrase within 5-9. Perhaps the same Oracle as appears in Jeremiah chapter 49:7-22, and note how terribly it was being fulfilled and with what just retribution. Obadiah then related this particular doom to the judgment of all the nations in the imminent day of the LORD when the escaped remnant of Israel will be like the sphere of salvation and the instrument of the LORD’S rule over all the nations.
Short as it is, this prophet sets out and illustrates the foundation truths of biblical revelation, the sovereign rule of God, which will be universally acknowledged – see verse 21, the election to blessing of Israel, the people of God -see verse 17, this election fulfilled through a remnant who will be the arm of God’s strength from Mount Zion, the culmination of God’s purposes in the day of the LORD” which while bringing vindication to His own and a proper enjoyment of their promised land of rest, will bring condemnation to the enemy and the oppressor of whom Edom is here the types-see verse 15.
Although the book of Obadiah is only one among many prophetic utterances concerning Edom, it is convenient to take it as the focus for all the Old Testament Edom references. Since it is not possible in a commentary of this nature to treat any of the other passages in detail,
The story of Jacob and Esau – Number 20:14-21 Deuteronomy 2:1-8, I Samuel 14:47, II Samuel 8:14, II Kings 8:20-22, II Chronicles 20:10-23, II Kings 14:7, II Chronicles 25: 11-13, II Chronicles 28:17, Psalm 137:7, Lamentation 4:22, Psalm 83:1-6 Isaiah 11;14, 34, 63:1-6, Jeremiah 49:7- 22,Ezekiel 25:12-14,35 Joel 3:19 Amos 1:11-12, and Malachi 1:2-5.
OUTLINE OF THE BOOK OF OBADIAH:
AN ORACLE OF THE LORD AGAINST EDOM-1:4
THE AWFUL FULFILMENT-5:9
Esau’s son against his Brother Jacob-10:14
The Wider Context:The Day of the LORD-15:18.
The House of Jacob to possess their possessions-19:21.