One basic question:
The book of Job clearly developed pattern prologue, speeches, and epilogue, plus the cycles within the speeches themselves show the theological interpretation of certain events in the life of a man named Job. From the beginning of the book to the end, the writer 1s intent on answering one basic question: “What is he meaning of faith? Job was a tribal chieftain of outstanding piety and integrity; he is blessed by God with such worldly prosperity that he is 1the greatest of all the men of East” but suddenly Job suffers a complete reversal of fortune. He became the victim of a series of great calamities; he is deprived of all his possessions and his children. His body is covered by a repulsive disease.
His three friends ostensibly coming to comfort Job, insist that his suffering is a punishment for sin, and that therefore his only recourse is to repent. But Job vehemently rejects this solution, affirming his uprightness and his consequent inability to understand his plight. Another friend named Elihu suggests that Job is undergoing a discipline of love sent byGod to deter him from future sin.
Job also rejects the interpretation. Finally, God answers Job1s repeated request for a direct explanation of his sufferings, not by a justification of his actions or by an immediate solution but by his presentation of himself in wisdom and power. This is enough for Job to see that, God beingwhat He is,there must be a solution and inthis he rests hisfaith.
Although the theme of suffering and its cause is dominant throughout the book of Job, this serves a wider purpose in the mind of the writer: to show that the certainty of faith lies not inoutward circumstances nor in speculative explanations, but in the encounter of faith in an omniscient and omnipotent God.
THE OUTLINE Of THE BOOK OFJOB THE PROLOGUE-CHAPTER 1:1-2:13
The character ofJob-Chapter 1:1-5
The Misfortune ofJob-Chapter 1:6-2:10,the friend ofJob Chapter 2:11-13
THE THREE FRIENDS SOLUTION-CHAPTER 3:1-31:40
The First Cycle of Speeches-Chapters 1;1-14:22 The Second Cycle of Speeches- Chapter 15:1-21:34 The Third Cycle of Speeches-Chapter 22:1-31:40
ELIHU’S SOLUTION-CHAPTERS 32:1-37:24 THE LORD’S SOLUTION-CHAPTER 38:1-42:6
The first speech-Chapter 38:1-40:2 The Response of Job-Chapter 40:3-5
The Second speech-chapter40:6-41:34
The second response ofJob-Chapter 42:1-6
THE EPILOGUE-CHAPTER 42: 7-17
The Lord’s rebuke ofthe three friends- Chapter 42:7-9 The Lord’s restoration of Job-Chapter42:10-17