Isaiah is deservedly known as the evangelical prophet, because he gives the fullest and clearest expositions of the Gospel of our Lord Jesus Christ to be found anywhere in the Old Testament, somewhat like the epistle to the Romans in the New Testament.
Isaiah serves as a compendium, of the great doctrines of the Pre Christian age and treats almost every cardinal Theme in the gamut of Theology. Special emphasis is given to the doctrine of God in His Omnipotence, His omniscience and his Redemptive love, as against the imaginary gods of the idol of worshipping heathen. He reveals Himself as the one true God, the sovereign creator of the universe, who ordains all the events history according to His own master plan.
In demonstration of the authority and inspiration of His word, He marvelously fulfills the prediction uttered by His Prophets long before. He is the upholder of the moral law who brings into judgment all of the ungodly nations of the heathen, even the wealthiest and most powerful of them and consigns them to the ash heap of eternity, while His chosen people live on to glorify His name.
It is above all as the Holy one of Israel that Isaiah presents the Lord who moved him to prophesy. As the Holy one, He requires above and beyond the formalities of sacrificial worship, the living sacrifice of a godly life. To this end, he brings the most powerful persuasions to bear upon the consciences of His people, both in the form of Prophetic warning and appeal and in the pressures of chastisement designed to lead them to repentance. But as the Holy one of Israel, He shows Himself forth to be unalterably committed to His covenant people and the faithful guarantor of His gracious promises to forgive them when repentant and to deliver them from the power of their enemies. He shows Himself ready to rescue them from the assaults of their arrogant gentile oppressors, or to bring them back from enslavement and exile to the land of promise.
Yet in the final analysis, even the Israelite believers nurtured upon the Old Testament and enjoying unpurchasable privileges of access to God, are shown to be inherently sinful and unable to save themselves from evil. Their ultimate deliverance can only come through a savior, the divine human Messiah.
This virgin born Immanuel who is the mighty God Himself will establish universal peace, goodness and truth all over the world and yet this kingly Messiah is to achieve His triumph only as the servant of Jehovah, rejected and despised by His own people, and presenting His sacred body as atonement for their sins.
Through this suffering and death, He shall bring deliverance of soul not only to the true believers of national Israel but also to those gentiles of distant lands who open their hearts to receive His truth. Both Jew and gentile shall be gathered into the fold of faith and constitute the rejoicing subjects of His Millennial Kingdom which is destined to establish God’s rule and settle God’s peace upon the whole earth.
THE OUTLINE OF THE BOOK OF ISAIAH
THE VOLUME OF REBUKE AND PROMISE-CHAPTERS 1:1-6:13
The first sermon: Rebellion confronted with judgment and grace – Chapter 1:1-31.
The second sermon: Present Chastisement for future glory Chapter 2:1-4:6.
The third sermon: The Judgment and Exile for the stubborn nation -Chapter 5:1-30
The forth sermon: the prophet cleansed and commissioned by God – Chapter 6:1-13.
THE VOLUME OF IMMANUEL-CHAPTER 7:1-12:6
The first sermon: Immanuel rejected by the worldly wisdom Chapter7:1-25
The second sermon: the speedy deliverance foreshadowing the coming deliverer-Chapter 8:1-9:7
The third sermon: The Inexorable doom of Exile for proud Samaria – Chapter9:8-10:4
The fourth sermon: The false Empire Vanquished : The Glorious Empire to come-Chapter 10:5-12:6
GOD’S JUDGEMENT: BURDENS UPON THE NATIONS CHAPTER 13:1-23:18
Upon Babylon-Chapter 13:1-14:27
Upon Philistia-Chapter 14:28-32
Upon Moab-Chapter 15:1-16:14
Upon Damascus and Samaria-Chapter 17:1-14
Upon Ethiopia-Chapter 18:1-7
Upon Egypt-Chapter 19:1-20:6
Upon Babylon, the second Burden-Chapter 21:1-10 U
pon Edom-Chapter 21:11-12
Upon Arabia-Chapter 21: 15-17
Upon Jerusalem-Chapter 22:1-25 Upon Tire-Chapter 23:1-18
FIRST VOLUME OFGENERAL JUDGEMENT AND PROMISE CHAPTER 24: 1-27:13
The first sermon: Universal J udgmentfor universal sin Chapter 24:1-23
The second sermon: Praise to the Lord as deliverance victor and comforter-Chapter 25:1-12
The third sermon: A song of rejoicing inJudah’s consolation Chapter 26:1-21
The fourth sermon: The punishment for oppressors and preservation for God’s people-Chapter27 :1-13.
THE VOLUME OF WOES UPON THE UNBELIEVERS OF ISRAEL CHAPTER 28:1-33:24
The first sermon: God’s dealing with drunkards and scoffer in Israel – Chapter28:1-29
The second sermon: The Judgment upon Blind souls who try to deceive God-Chapter 29:1-24
The third sermon: The confidence in man versus confidence in God – Chapter 30:1-33
The fourth sermon:deliverance through God’s gracious intervention – Chapter 31:1-32:20.
The fifth sermon: The punishment of treacherous deceivers and the Triumph of Christ-Chapter33:21-24.
THE SECOND VOLUME OF GENERAL JUDGMENT AND PROMISES: CHAPTER 34:1-35:10
The first sermon: the destruction of the gentile world power:-Chapter 34:1-17
The second sermon: the ultimate Bliss of God1s redeemed Chapter 35:1-10
The destruction of Judah Averted-Chapter 36:1-37:38
The destruction of Judah1s KingAverted-Chapter 38:1-39:8
THE VOLUME OF COMFORTER-CHAPTER 40:1-66:24
The purpose of peace-Chapter40:1-48:22
The Majesty of Jehovah the comforter-Chapter40:1-31 The chaIlenge ofthe God of providence to unbelievers Chapter 41:1-29
The servant of Jehovah-individual and national-Chapter42 :1-25 The redemption bygrace-Chapter 43:1-44:5
The dead idolsor the livingGod?-Chapter 44:6-23
The sovereign God employing and converting the heathen Chapter 44:24-45:25
The lessons taught by Babylon’s down-fall and Israel’s preservation – Chapter46:1-47:15
Thejudgment uponfaithless, hypocritical Israel-chapter 48:1-22.
THE PRINCE OF PEACE-CHAPTER 49:1-59:21
The Messiah will bring restoration to Israel and light to the Gentiles – Chapter49:1-26
The sinfulness of Israel contrasted with the obedience of the servant – Chapter 50:1-11The encouragement to trust in God alone, not fearing men-Chapter51:1-16.
The Divine servant Triumphs through vicarious suffering – Chapter 52:13-5:12.
The consequent Blessingto Israel and the church-Chapter 54:1-17. The Gracefor all sinners who trust in Christ-Chapter 55:1-13
The inclusion ofthe gentiles inthe blessing of Israel-Chapter 56:1-8 The condemnation of the wicked rulers of Israel-Chapter 56: 9-57:21
THE PROGRAM OF PEACE-CHAPTER 58:1-66:24
The contrast between the true andfalse worship-Chapter 58:1-14 The confessing her intervention-Chapter 59;1-21
The Glorious prosperity and peace of the redeemed-Chapter60:1-22 The spirit-filled Christ by whom the Kingdom comes-chapter 61:1-11 The Zion restored and glorified-Chapter 62:1-63:6
Remembering God’s former mercies, Israel pleads deliverance – Chapter63:7-64:12
God’s Mercy reservedfor spirituaIIsraelalone-Chapter 65:1-25 Theexternalism inworship replaced by heart-sincerity Chapter66:1-24