The epistle to Hebrew is one of the controversial in which scholars continue to debate till date concerning the authorship. But in this epistle spiritually, The Holy Spirit will interpret the message unto the reader. Hebrew took its message right from the early days; Although God spoke to the fathers through the Prophets He has now spoken by Hisson.
The prologue affirms the distinctiveness of the son, He is before history, in history, above history, the goal of history, and the agent who brings about a cleaning of men from the sins committed in history. He shares the essence of deity and radiates the glory of deity. He is the supreme revelation of God-see Chapter 1:1-3.
The next passage in Chapter 1:4-14 makes clear the pre-eminence of Christ. He is superior to angels; they assist those who will be heirs of salvation. Christ, by virtue of who He is, of God’s appointment and of what He has done, stands exalted far above them. How tragic to be careless of the great salvation He proclaimed. He will achieve for man the promise that all things will be in harmonious subjection to man. He can do this because He is fully man and has provided the expiration for sins. He is superior to Moses. Moses was a servant among the people of God. Christ is a son over the people of God. How tragic to cease trusting Him. Unbelief kept one entire generation of Israelites from Canaan. Christians are warned of such unbelief. Faith is emphasized as well as zeal to enter into the eternal rest of God. The gospel of God and God Himself scrutinizes men.
The priesthood of Christ is also developed by comparison -see Chapter 4:14-10:18. The qualifications, the conditions and the experiences of the Aaronic Priesthood are listed in comparison to Christ as a priest. Before further developing this theme, the writer warns his readers of the unpreparedness for advanced teaching. Only earnest diligence in
Christ as a priest, like Melchizedek is superior to the Levitical Priesthood because His life is indestructible. He was both priest and sacrifice. His priesthood is eternal. His sanctuary is in heaven and His blood establishes the validity of the new covenant that is also an eternal covenant. The perseverance of Christians springs out of fellowship with God, activity for God, faith in God and a consciousness of what lies ahead-see Chapter 10:19-12:29.
The cross as the Christian altar and the resurrection of the great Shepherd are the basis of God’s action. These redemptive, historical events move the believer to action-see Chapter 13:1-25.
THE OUTLINE OF THE BOOK OF HEBREW:
PROLOGUE: THE COURSE AND CLIMAX OF DIVINE REVELATION – CHAPTER 1:1-3
THE PRE-EMINENCE OF CHRIST HIMSELF-CHAPTER 1:4-4: 13
The superiority of Christ to Angels- chapter 1:4-014
The Warning Peril of Indifference to these Truths-Chapter 2:1-4
The reason why Christ because Human-Chapter 2:5-18
Christ’s position is Greater than Human-chapter 2:5-18
Christ’s position is Greater than that of Moses- chapter 3:1-6
The warning: Unbelief Brings Temporal and Eternal Effects – Chapter 3:7-4: 13.
THE PRIESTHOOD OF JESUS CHRIST-CHAPTER 4:14-10:18
The importance of His Priesthood for personal conduct Chapter 4:14-16
The qualification of a High Priest-Chapter 5:1-10
The Warning: Immaturity and Apostasy are conquered only by faith, long suffering and Hope-Chapter 5:11-6:20
Condition of the Readers-Chapter 5:11-14.
The call for Advance on the part of the readers-Chapter 6:1-3.
The condition of others who fell away-Chapter 6:4-8
The completion of the Christian’s course requires endurance Chapter 6:9-20
The Melchlzedek’s Eternal successor-Chapter 6:20b-7:28
Melchizedek Himself in the Old Testament-Chapter 6:20b-7 :3
Melchizedek’s superiority to the Leviticus Priesthood-Chapter 7:10
Christ’s superiority to the Levitical Priesthood- Chapter 7:11-28
The heavenly sanctuary and the new covenant-Chapter 8:1-13 The Priestly service under the old covenant and the New Chapter 9:1-28
The setting of the Priest’s Ministry under the Old covenant Chapter 9:1-10
The importance of Blood under both covenants-Chapter 9:11-22
The setting of Christ’s Ministry under the New Covenant Chapter 9:23-28.
The inadequacy of the sacrifices under the law contrasted with the efficacy and finality of Christ’s sacrifice-Chapter 10:1-18.
THE PERSEVERANCE OF CHRISTIANS-CHAPTERS 10:19-12:29
The Attitudes to be sought and Attitudes to be shunned Chapter 10:19-39
Faith inaction -illustrations example from the past-Chapter-11:1-40
The incentives for action in the present scene and in the future goal – Faith inaction-illustrations 12:1-29.
THE POSTSCRIPT: EXHORTATIONS, PERSONAL CONCERNS, AND BENEDICTION-CHAPTER 13:1-25.