The prophecy of Haggai, which belongs to the post-Exile period, is a call to the rulers and people to resume the rebuilding of the Temple after sixteen years of interruption and delay. Prophet Haggai ruthlessly exposes the false but prevalent view that God’s work is secondary and must wait the solution of economic problems. He shows that the latter are a judgment upon neglect of the former.
When the leaders and the people respond to his improvement in material circumstances, now that the will and work of God are done. He concludes his message by confirming the divine choice of the governor Zerubbabel and indicating his messianic significance.
OUTLINE OF THE BOOK OF HAGGAI
THE CALL TO EXAMINATION-CHAPTER 1:1-6
The opening call to the Rulers- Chapter 1:1-2.
The general call to the people- Chapter 1:3-6
The declaration of divine judgment- Chapter 1:7-11
The summons to build- Chapter 1:7-8
The explanation of economic difficulties- Chapter 1:9-11
The response of the people- Chapter 1;12-15
The movement of obedience- Chapter 1:12
The promise of divine help- Chapter 1:13
The work begins- Chapter 1;14-15
The message of encouragement- Chapter 2;1-9
The human disparagement-Chapter 2:1-3
The Divine presence- Chapter 2:4-5
The glory of the new house- Chapter 2:6-9
The promise of blessing- Chapter 2:10-19
Ritual comparison- Chapter 2:10-14
The solution of Economic problems- Chapter 2:15-19.
The confirmation on Zerubbabel- Chapter 2:20-23
The shaking of the Nation- Chapter 2:20-22