FIRST AND SECOND SAMUEL
The two books of Samuel record the transition of Israel from a theocracy to a monarchy, and the establishment of the monarchy. The story begins in the closing days of the judges and leaves us with the aged David securely enthroned as King over Israel and Judah. The other two great figures are Samuel and Saul. Samuel was the last of the Judges and the first of the Prophets.
He was a man of great piety and spiritual discernment and wholly dedicated to the realization of God’s purposes for Israel. Although not of Aaronic descent, he succeeded Eli in the priest office. He seems to have been the first to have established an institution for the training of young men for the Prophetic calling. He was called upon to guide Israel in some of the greatest crises of her history, and he falls little short of the stature of Moses.
Without any desire on his part, he found himself in the role of ‘Kingmaker’, commissioned to anoint Saul. The King is an enigmatic to greatness. His fickleness of temperament impaired all his personal relationships and a morbid fear of potential rivals preyed on his mind and affected his reason. From a humble background, he was called to the highest station in the land.
In the end, with no achievement to entitle him to a royal tomb, his bones were returned to his native place.
David is one of the great figures of Biblical history. Like Saul, he came from a humble background, but his gifts were of the highest order.
He was a born leader of men able to win and retain their allegiance.
Some of his most faithful servants came from outside Judah and Israel. lttai for instance was from Gath. David was a wise administrator and a good Judge of human nature. His ability to make quick decisions is well illustrated by his solution of the delicate problem that arose over Mephibosheth in(II Samuel 19:12ff).
He was a highly gifted poet whose songs of praise enriched the worship, first of the temple, and then of the Christian church. To rise so high and at so great a cost would have made him strong, one would have thought, to withstand temptation. Alas, his powers of resistance were so much greater than those of other men.
Even when we make full allowance for the age in which he lived, he was
a stalwart when faced with temptation. Despite his fraility, he saw clearly the purpose of God for his people, and foresaw the coming of the Messianic King whom he in his life so imperfectly portrayed.
The two books of Samuel provide an indispensable chapter in the record of God’s dealings with the people of Israel and their preservation and preparation for their two fold purpose, to be the recipients of the Oracles of God, and to bring forth in due time great David’s greater SON.
THE OUTLINE OF THE FIRST BOOK OF SAMUEL
LAST OF THE JUDGES, FIRST OF THE PROPHETS CHAPTER 1:1-8:22. Chapter 1:1-2-11
Failure of ELI,The High Priest-Chapter 2:12-3:21.
Elison’s Apostasy and the Penalty-Chapter 2:12-36 First Revelation of Samuel-Chapter3:1-2
War with the Philistines-Chapter 4:1-7:14
Loss of the Ark of the Covenant-Chapter 4:1-22.
Disastrous Presence of the Ark-Chapter 5:1-6:1.
Return of the Ark-Chapter 6:2-7:2
Defeat of the Philistines-Chapter 7:3-14
Judgeship of Samuel and demand for a King-Chapter 7:15-8:22
SAUL- THE ISRAEL’S FIRST KING-CHAPTER 9:1-15:35
Saul’s early success as King-Chapter 9:1-12:25
His Anointing and Presentation-Chapter 9:1-10:27
Victory vindicates Samuel’s choice-Chapter 11:1-15
Samuel’s retirement from Secular Duties-Chapter 12:1-25
Consolidation of Saul’s Kingship-Chapter 13:1-14:52
Saul Intrudes in priestly Domain-Chapter 13:1-15
Clash with Philistines and Jonathan’s success-Chapter 13:16-14:23
Jonathan’s unwitting violation of Saul’s Order-Chapter 14:24-45.
Other Victories-Chapter 14:46-48 and 52
Genealogical Notes-Chapter 14:49-51
Punitive Campaign against the Amalekites-Chapter 15:1-35.
Saul’s Partial Obedience-Chapter 15:31.
Execution of Agag-Chapter 15:32-33
Rejection of Saul as King by God-Chapter 15:34-35.
The rise of David-Chapter 16:l-31:13 .
Selection of David-Chapter 16:1-23.
David and Goliath -Chapter 17:1-54.
David’s friendship with Jonathan-Chapter 18:1-7
Saul’s Open hostility against David-Chapter 18:8-19:17
David’s flight from Saul-Chapter 19:18-24
Jonathan’s Intervention for David-Chapter 20:1-42
David in Exile-Chapter 21:1-25:44
David obtain High priest’s Aid-Chapter 21-15
Men won to David’s cause-Chapter 22:1-5
Saul’s vengeance on Abimelech-Chapter 22:6-23
David’s deliverance of the men of Keilah-Chapter23: 1-14
Saul’s life spared by David-Chapter 23:15-24:22
The Death of Samuel-Chapter 25:1.
The story of David and Mabal-Chapter25:2-44
Gradual Eclipse of Saul-Chapter 26:1-30:31
Second Reprieve of Saul’s life-Chapter 26:1-25.
David settles In Ziklag-Chapter 27:1-12
Saul seeks Samuel’s Aid through the witch of Ender-Chapter 28:1-25.
Philistines refuse to trust David-Chapter 29:1-11
Sacking of Ziklag and David’s Pursuit-Chapter 30:1-31
Defeat and death of Saul and his son Jonathan- Chapter 31:1-13.
THE OUTLINE OF THE BOOK OF SECOND SAMUEL
DAVID’S ACTIVITIES AFTER THE DEATH OF SAUL-CHAPTERS 1:1-4:12
Amalekite Messenger’s Account of Saul’s death-Chapter 1:1-10.
David’s lament for Saul and Jonathan-Chapter 1:11-27.
David in Hebron as King of Judah- Chapter 2:1-11.
Fateful Meeting of Abnerand Joab-Chapter 2:12-3:1
A note on David’s Family-Chapter 3:2-5
Abner’s Quarrel with lsh-bosheth’s and his Overtures to David Chapter 3:6-21
Joab’s Assassination of Abner and David’s condemnation Chapter 32:22-39.
David’s Punishment to lsh-bosheth’s Murderers-Chapter 4:1-12.
David became the King of lsrael-Chapter 5:1-25.
An invitation to be the King-Chapter 5:1-5.
The Capture of Jerusalem-Chapter 5:6-10
Friendly Assistance of the King of Tyre-Chapter 5:11-12.
Domestic Affairs-Chapter 5:13-16
Philistine Hostility-Chapter 5:17-25
The Ark Brought to Jerusalem-Chapter 6:1-23
David’s desire to build a House for God-Chapter 7: 1-29
God’s Covenant with David-Chapter 7:1-17
The response of David-Chapter 7: 18-29
David’s Military successes-Chapter 8:1-18.
David’s Kindness to Jonathan’s Son’s-Chapter 9:1-13.
The Victory of the Israelites over Ammonites- Chapter 10:1-19
David’s Great sin-Chapter 11:1-12:25
David’s infatuation for Bathsheba-Chapter 11:1-27.
Nathan’s Parable and God’s condemnation-Chapter 12:1-14
The Death of Bathsheba’s child and the Birth of Solomon Chapter 12:15-25.
Joab’s self-abnegation at Rabbah-Chapter 12:26-31.
Ammon’sSeduction of Tamar-Chapter 13:1-39
The Reconciliation of David with Absalom-Chapter 14:1-15:6
Joab’s Ruse-Chapter 14:1-20
Absalom brought to Jerusalem- Chapter 14:21-33
Absalom self-aggrandizement-Chapter 15:1-6.
ABSALOM’S REBELLION-CHAPTER 15:7-18:5
Absalom Insurrection -Chapter 15:7-16:12
David’s flight from Jerusalem-Chapter 15 :13-16:14
Hushai frustrates the counsel of Ahithophel- Chapter 16:15-17:23
David in Mahanaim-Chapter 17:24-29.
David organization of His forces-Chapter 18:1-5
OVERTHROW OF ABSALOM AND RETURN OF DAVID CHAPTER 18:6-24:24
The Defeat of Israel and Death of Absalom-Chapter 18:6-9:8
The Gain and the Loss-v 18:6-18
David’s Reception of the News-Chapter 18:19-33
Joab rebukes the mourning David-Chapter 19:18
The return of David to Jerusalem-Chapter 19:9-43
The Rebellion of Sheba -Chapter 20:1-26
Famine on Account of Saul’s crime-Chapter 21:1-14
Finale of the Goliath Feud-Chapter 21:15-22
David’s Song of Deliverance-Chapter 22:1-51
The Last words of David’s Mighty Men-Chapter 23:8-39
The taking of the Census and God’s chastisement-Chapter 24:1-15
God’s Intervention and David’s Intercession-Chapter 24: 16-25