FIRST AND SECOND KINGS

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The aim of these Books is not here clearly stated. But even a casual reading will make clear that the writer set out to demonstrate that although Israel stood in covenant relationship with God, but most of her kings had rejected and outraged the covenant obligations.

The Kings of both Judah and Israel are passed in review and as far as possible, treated, contemporaneously, the worth of each King is determined by comparison with two Kings of former years.

King David who held closely to the covenant and King Jeroboam of Israel who forsook the covenant. Comparison in this way shows whether a given King “walked in the ways of David his father” or in the way of Jeroboam the son of Nebat. It is evident that the writer of the two books found that on this basis very few of the Kings of Israel or Judah, of exceptions were Asa (see I Kings 15) Jehoshaphat (see I King 22), Hezekiah (see II Kings 18:20) and Josiah {see II Kings 22-23) and even also had one defect, put their trust in God, glorify God during their reign but with other nations or other gods.

David realized the ideal more closely than any other King did; His parting advice to his son Solomon was that he should keep God’s commandments (see I Kings 2:3) In that course lay the only hope of prosperity and peace. To depart from that way was to risk divine judgment. Loyalty to God’s covenant was an ancient requirement in Israel. It stemmed from Abraham but found national expression at the time of the Exodus when Israel who was at that time recently delivered from Egypt, stood at Mount Sinai, entered into a Solemn Covenant with God. (see Exodus 19:5 and 24:3-8)

Thereafter Israel was to be God’s own people, set apart from other nations, to be obedient to His commandments and loyal to Him. They were forbidden to enter into any other covenant but adherence to the covenant with God would result in blessing, but departure from it would result in cursing and judgment.

These principles are clearly worked out in II Kings 1:7-23. The story begins from Solomon to the last King of the covenant by most of them. The final collapse of Israel before Assyria (see II Kings 17 and that of Judah in II King 25 was a demonstration of the truth of the principle underlying the book and come as no surprise to men of Spiritual discernment. The book also serves as a reminder and warning to the remnant of God’s people and this provided a practical lesson in the truth that rejection of God’s covenant, being a sinful and rebellious act can only result in Judgment.

THE OUTLINE OF THE BOOK OF FIRST KINGS:

THE REIGN OF SOLOMON- CHAPTERS 1:1-11:43
David’s death and Solomon Anointing-Chapter 1:1-2:11

Solomon eliminates his opponents-Chapter 2:12:46
Solomon’s Prayer for wisdom; His first wise decision-Chapter 3:1-28
The administration of the Kingdom-Chapter4:1-34
Planning and building of the temple-Chapter 5:1-7:51
The Temple dedicated, God’s promises to Solomon-Chapter 8:1-9:9
Solomon’s trading and building programme-Chapter 9:10-28 and 10:14-29
The visit of the Queen of Sheba-Chapter 10:1-13.
The end of Solomon’s Reign-Chapter 11:1-43
THE DIVIDED KINGDOM-CHAPTER 12:1-11KING17:41
The first period of antagonism between Judah and Israel­ Chapter 12:1-16.
The revolt under Jeroboam I,The first Dynasty of Israel­ Chapter 12;1-14:20
Rehoboam of Judah-Chapter 14:21-31.
Abija and Asa of Judah-Chapter 15:1-24.
Nadab of Israel,Son of Jeroboam-Chapter 15:25-32
Baasha and Elah the Second Dynasty of lsrael-Chapter15:33-16:14
Zimri the only King of Israel’s Third Dynasty-Chapter 16:15-22
Omeri of Israel,founder of the fourth Dynasty-Chapter 16:23-28
The period of friendship between Judah and Israel- Chapter 16:29-11 King8:29.
Ahab of Israel second ruler of the fourth Dynasty-Chapter 16:29-22.
Jehoshaphat of Judah-Chapter 22;41-50.
Ahaziah of lsrael, third king of the fourth Dynasty-Chapter 22:51-53

 THE BOOK OF SECOND KINGS:
Ahaziah of Israel reign continue-Chapter 1:1-18.
Elijah’s Mantle falls on Elisha-Chapter 2:1-25 .
Jehorah of Israel,the last King of the fourth dynasty-Chapter 3:1-27
Stories of Elisha-Chapter 4:1-8:15
Jehoram and Ahaziah of Judah-Chapter 8:16-29
The period of Renewed Antagonism between Judah and Israel – Chapter 9:1-17:41
Jehu of lsrael founder of the fifth dynasty -Chapter 9:1-10:36
Athaliah, Queen of Judah-Chapter 11:1-21
Joash of Judah-Chapter 12:1-21
Jehoahaz and Jehoash of Israel the Kings of the fifth dynasty­ Chapter 13:1-25.
Amaziah of Judah-Chapter 14:1-22.
Jeroboam IIof Israel of the fifth dynasty-Chapter 14:23-29 Uzziah (Azariah) of Judah-Chapter 15:1-7
Days of Chaos in Israel during the sixth seventh and Eight dynasties – Chapter 15:8-31
Jothan and Ahaz of Judah-Chapter 15:32-16:20
Hoshea of Israel, ten nth dynasty and the final collapse of Israel – Chapter17;1-41

THE SINGLE KINGDOM – JUDAH AFTER THE COLLAPSE OF ISRAEL – CHAPTER 18:1-25:30
Hezekiah and Amon of Judah-Chapter 21:1-26 Josiah of Judah-Chapter22:123-30
The Last Days of Judah-Chapter 23:31-25:21. Gedaliah-Chapter 25:22-26.
A final note-Chapter25:27-30.

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