FIRST AND SECOND CHRONICLES
In the Hebrew scripture, these two books were originally one. The translators of the greek Septuagint about 200 BC were the first to make the division. This division was adopted in the Latin vulgate by Jerome in 420 AD; The books are titled in Hebrew as “Dibrey hay – Yamim” meaning “Acts of the days’ or record of daily happenings. The Septuagint calls it “paraleipomena’ which means ‘things omitted in the books of Samuel and Kings. Chronicles, however, often deals with the same facts as these books but presents them with a different aim and in a different manner.
The Title 1 CHRONICLES was adopted from Jerome’s term Chronic on. It is not an unsuitable name. It seems clear that when the Chronicler set himself to cover the same ground as Samuel and Kings, he desired to present from his own point of view the history of God’s people from the days of Samuel to the captivity. His nation needed rebuilding on a solid spiritual foundation for their long captivity has caused a serious break in their relationship to the ideals and traditions of their own people.
Formerly they had belonged to a theocracy where the civil and religion rules were equally expected to honour God’s truth and Law. Now under the Persian monarch, the King was a foreigner and a pagan who knew not the God of Israel. Only through a vigorous and strict ecclesiastical organization could religious unity for the nation be maintained, The Jews felt increasingly that the promised perpetual Davidic sovereignty was concerned with a spiritual rather than a secular Kingdom hence the writing of the book of Chronicles. It was not a case of a crafty priestly caste imposingtheir ideas as against the prophets, as liberal critics used to declare.
Those who had returned from the captivity must be made to see their proper connection with the Lord’s people. After recounting the history of man before David’s time, the Chronicles show the higher meaning of the promises made to David’s line especially in regard to the coming Messiah.
The past attitude of Kings to religious matters is emphasized rather than their civil undertakings. The immense importance of the temple, the priesthood, the religious rites and the oral law is stressed. It is shown that when the King dishonors God’s law, signal punishment fell upon them, while those who honour God’s ordinance prospered.
The book of Chronicles is markedly didactic and dwells upon the blessings, which follow on a genuine religious life. It must have had an uplifting effect on the national religion. Only such parts of their history as illustrated the ecclesiastical which was now the only sacred sphere were dwelt upon. The story of the ten apostate tribes, for example is dropped as not being conducive to spiritual uplift
The book of Chronicles was compiled from a wealth of historical data in earlier registered, and record besides Samuel and Kings. A careful study of the book has led many trust – worthy scholars to place its date between 430 and 400 B.C.
THE OUTLINE OF THE BOOK OF FIRST CHRONICLES
THE GENERALOGIES-CHAPTER 1;1-9;44
Genealogies of Human-Race-Chapter 1:1-2:2
Genealogies ofJudah-Chapter 2:3-4:23
Genealogies of Simeon, Reuben, Gad and Manasseh Chapter 4:24-5:26.
Genealogies of levi: Their dwellings-Chapter 6:1-81
Genealogies of lssacha, Benjamin, Naphtali, Manasseh, Ephraim and Asher-Chapter 7:1-40.
Further genealogies of Benjamin including Saul-Chapter 8:1-9:44
THE REIGN OF DAVID-CHAPTERS 10:129:30
The fall of Saul’s House-Chapter 10:1-14
David and his valiant men-Chapters 11:1-12:40
Uzzah Smitten on Touching the Ark-Chapter 13:1-14
David’s House, family and victories-Chapter 14:1-17
The Ark removed to Jerusalem and the arrangements of worship – Chapter 15:1-16:43
David’ purposes to build God house-Chapter 17:1-27.
David’s engages in many wars-Chapters 18:1-20:8
The sin of numbering of the people-Chapter 21:1-30
David prepares for building of the Temple-Chapter22:1-19
Arrangement for the service of the Levities-Chapter 23:1-26:32
Officers of state: David’s last acts-Chapter 27:1-29:30
OUTLINE OF THE BOOK OF SECOND CHRONICLES:
THE REIGN OF SOLOMON- CHAPTER 1:1-9:31.
Solomon confirmed in the kingdom and the building of the Temple – Chapter 1:1-4:22
The Ark removed to the Temple and Solomon address and prayer – Chapter 5:l-7:22
Acts of Solomon and his Glory-Chapter 8:1-9:31.
THE KINGDOM OF JUDAH-CHAPTERS 10:1-36:23
Rehoboam and the Revolt of the ten Tribes-Chapters 10:1-11:23
The invasion by Shishak and the proceeding of Rehoboam Chapter 12:1-16.
Abijah at war with Jeroboam-Chapter 13:1-22.
Asa Opposes Idolatry: Institutes reforms-Chapter 14:1-15:19.
Asa ‘s conflict with Baasha: And the Rebuke-Chapter 16:1-14
Jehoshaphat prospers, and the disastrous alliance with Ahab Chapters 17:1-18:34
Jehoshaphat starts reforms and is blessed-Chapters 19:1-20:37
Jehora m Chastised because of sins -Chapters 21:1-20
Ahaziah’s Evil Reign: Usurpation of Athaliah-Chapters 22:1-12
Jehoidada makes Joash: Good and Bad-Chapters 24:1-27
The reign of Amaziah: The wars with Edom and Israel: the idolatry Chapters 25:1-28.
The Reign of Uzziah: The Great success: The presumption-Chapters 26:1-23
The reign of Jotham. The great builder and the defeats of the Ammonites-Chapter 27:1-9
The reign ofAhazfull of adulatory and calamities-Chapter 28:1-27
King Hezekiah’s good reign: the temple. Sennacherib and all King Hezekiah’s acts-Chapter 32:1-32
Manasseh and Ammon: The impious and idolatrous-Chapter 33:1-25
The reign of king Josiah, His reforms and the honour of Moses’ Law Chapter 34:1-35:27
The last Kings of Judah-Chapter 36:1-23.